At 4UrEYE Care, LLC, we strive to provide comprehensive, primary eye care for the whole family. Preventative and routine eye exams are important to maintaining good eye health. Often, eye and vision problems do not have obvious symptoms or signs, but are easily diagnosed by a licensed optometrist. By diagnosing eye and vision conditions early on, our optometrist is able provide treatment options and in many cases restore or prevent vision loss. The American Optometric Association recommends yearly or bi-yearly eye and vision exams, depending on whether you are at-risk or not.
A complete (comprehensive) dilated eye examination generally lasts between 30 and 60 minutes, and includes the following components:
1. A Health and Medication History. Your overall health and that of your immediate family; the medications you are taking (both prescription and over-the-counter); questions about high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, smoking, and sun exposure.
2. A Vision History. How well you can see at present, including any recent changes in your vision; eye diseases that you or your family members have had, including macular degeneration and glaucoma; previous eye treatments, surgeries, or injuries; The date of your last eye examination. This history of your own health and that of your family can give the doctor an indication of any issues that may be affecting, or could affect, your vision.
3. An Eye Health Evaluation. An examination of the external parts of your eyes: the whites of the eyes, the iris, pupil, eyelids, and eyelashes; a dilated internal eye examination: special eye drops will dilate, or open, your pupil, which allows the doctor to observe the inner parts of your eye, such as the retina and optic nerve (this can help to detect subtle changes of the optic nerve in persons without any visual symptoms and potentially lead to early detection of disease); a test of the fluid pressure within your eyes to check for the possibility of glaucoma.
4. A Refraction, or Visual Acuity Testing. Refraction helps determine the sharpness or clarity of both your near (reading) and distance vision; this includes testing your vision with different lenses to determine if your vision can be improved or corrected with regular glasses or contact lenses.
5. Visual Field Testing. Visual field testing helps determine how much side (or peripheral) vision you have and how much surrounding area you can see; the most common type of visual field test in a comprehensive eye exam is called a confrontation field test, in which the doctor briefly flashes several fingers in each of the four quadrants (above, below, right, and left) of your visual field while seated opposite you).
6. Your Examination Results. The doctor will be able to determine if the visual problems you are experiencing are normal age-related changes or are disease-related, and if additional testing, referral to another doctor or specialist, or treatments are needed.